Taj MahalTaj Mahal, the word itself spreads a feeling of royalty and the charm of the supreme foundation. The elegance of the Taj rolls down the River Yamuna, which undoubtedly stands as the sole witness of its history.
Brief History of Taj MahalThe Taj Mahal is the pinnacle of Mughal art and architecture, built during the reign of Shah Jahan, on the loss of his soul mate Mumtaz. This mausoleum reflects the blend of Hindu-Muslim culture. Taj Mahal was not constructed in a day. Click Here to Know More
About Shah JahanThe fifth Mughal emperor
Shah Jahan was the son of Jahangir and Taj Bibi Bilqis Makani. During
his life span from 1592-1666, the Mughal Dynasty saw a huge expansion of
its territory. Shah Jahan was borned with the quality of his
Architecture of Taj Mahal“The sight of this mansion creates sorrowing sighs and makes sun and moon shed tears from their eyes. In this world this edifice has been made to display, thereby, the Creator’s glory”- Shah Jahan himself made this quote (mentioned in Badshah Nama) while unveiling the beauty his wife’s tomb.
On a land of 42 acres, this epitome of love is raised. The land slowly dips towards the river Yamuna from south to north. The sepulcher, Taj Mahal is plotted into five major portions namely, Rauza or the main mausoleum, Darwaza or the Main Gate, Bagicha or the Gardens, Masjid or the Mosque and Naqqar Khana or the rest room.
Taj Mahal The MausoleumThe Main mausoleum or the Taj Mahal, which stands on a square platform, is 213 feet in height and 58 feet in diameter. White marble encrypted with intricate designs attract the attention of the viewers and mesmerize them.
Taj Mahal Main Gate
The 93-feet-high Darwaza was constructed between the years 1632-1638. The arch-shaped vertically symmetrical gate is entangled with flowers, vines, leaves. The motif of red lotus and Arabic calligraphy from Quran on the Gate reflect the symbolization of Hindu-Muslim cultural unity.
Mosque in Taj MahalOn the western side of the marvelous White Mahal, the mosque is located that faces the holy place of Islam, Mecca. The mosque is fabricated with red sandstones. The interior of the mosque is spacious and brilliantly designed with quotes from Quran.
Rest House of Taj MahalOn the eastern plot of the Taj Mahal, lies the mirror image of the mosque. This mirror image, built of red sandstone, is known as Rest House or Naqqar Khana.
Bagicha of Taj MahalThe splendor of the Taj Mahal has been enhanced by the presence of a wonderful garden. The Persian style garden is divided into four parts. The pretty garden stretched from main Gate to the foot of the Taj Mahal is planned in such a manner that it retains the natural view. Click Here to know more on the Architecture of Taj Mahal
Facts on Taj MahalTaj Mahal also signifies the then Indo-Persian architectural contribution and also intensifies the religious and tourism importance.
- UNESCO, in 1983 announced the great Taj Mahal as a world heritage site. However, in 2007, it was awarded as the 7th wonder of the world.
- The costliest tomb ever in the history of mankind, in present valuation, Taj Mahal cost over 320 million Indian rupees.
- Shah Jahan constructed this epitome of love for her beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.
- It took 22 long years by 22,000 workers and 1000 elephants to set up this picturesque memento for Shah Jahan’s third begum, Mumtaz.
- Devastating incident took place, when the emperor ordered to cut off the workers hand after the tomb was formed.
- The Mahal keeps on changing color with time, in the morning it appears pink where as the color changes to golden in the moon-light. Significant color transform takes place during dawn, day time and dusk.
- The minarets are slightly tilted outwards as to restrict significant damage during natural calamities like earthquake.
- 30 various types of opulent stones are used for decorating the marble inside. The intricate design of the Taj Mahal aptly reflects a blend of Indo-Persian as well as Asian architecture.
- 99 names of Allah have been encrypted on the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal.
- Shah Jahan wished to edifice a replica of Taj Mahal, but of black marble. However, the dream could not get a real touch. Half done base of the latter is still visible across the river.
- The unparallel gorgeousness of the Taj is bound to magnetize the viewers. In order to get a glimpse the beauty, 7-8 millions of people visit Taj Mahal every year.
Taj Mahal as the Seventh Wonder of the WorldThe Taj Mahal of Agra, India has its name enlisted among the seventh wonders of the world. According to the recent global voting in the year 2007, it was awarded as the 7th wonder of the world.
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